Pregnancy and Children

APGAR Score

Apgar Score     Apgar Score

The first test performed on your newborn, the APGAR, occurs right after your baby's birth. The test was designed to quickly evaluate a newborn's physical condition to determine any immediate need for extra medical care.

Definition of APGAR Score

The APGAR score was devised by Virginia Apgar, in 1952.  The APGAR is used as a quick abbreviation for: Appearance (skin coloration), Pulse (heart rate), Grimace (known medically as "reflex irritability"), Activity (muscle tone), and Respiration (rate and effort).

The APGAR score is determined by evaluating a newborn baby on each of the above 5 criteria with each of the 5 being assessed on a scale from zero to two.  The 5 scores are the totaled for a summary score. The resulting Apgar score ranges from zero to 10. The test is usually given to a newborn twice, once at 1 minute after birth and again at 5 minutes after birth.

Scores below 3 are generally regarded as critically low, with 4 to 7 fairly low and over 7 generally normal.  If the Apgar score remains below 3 at later times it may be an indication that the child has a greater risk  of suffering long term problems. 

It's important to keep the baby's Apgar score in perspective. The purpose of the Apgar test is to determine quickly whether a newborn needs immediate medical care and was not designed to make long-term predictions on a child's health, intellectual status or outcome. Few babies score a perfect 10, and perfectly healthy babies sometimes have a lower-than-usual score, especially in the first few minutes after birth.  Keep in mind that a slightly low Apgar score (especially at 1 minute) is normal for some newborns, especially those born after a high-risk pregnancy, cesarean section, or a complicated labor and delivery.

Additional Information

Wikipedia: APGAR Score

Kids Health: What is the APGAR score?

Help For Pregnant Woman and Birth Mothers By State

 Alabama  Missouri
 Alaska  Montana
 Arizona  Nebraska
 Arkansas  Nevada
 California  New Hampshire
 Colorado  New Jersey
 Connecticut  New Mexico
 Delaware  New York
 Florida  North Carolina
 Georgia  North Dakota
 Hawaii  Ohio
 Idaho  Oklahoma
 Illinois  Oregon
 Indiana  Pennsylvania
 Iowa  Rhode Island
 Kansas  South Carolina
 Kentucky  South Dakota
 Louisiana  Tennessee
 Maine  Texas
 Maryland  Utah
 Massachusetts  Vermont
 Michigan  Virginia
 Minnesota  Washington
 Mississippi  West Virginia
 Missouri  Wisconsin
   Wyoming
More Help
 Pregnancy  Placing a child for adoption
 Parenting  Adopting a child

 

Apgar Score     Apgar Score

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Assistance Pregnancy Concerns
Pregnancy And Delivery Pregnancy Issues
Pregnancy Stages Pregnancy Definitions
Pregnancy Problems